Americans are addicted to their smartphones. Just look around when you go down the street. Almost everyone is looking at their device as they are walking. Nobody is paying attention to the sidewalk, cross streets or what is going on around them. Data from Apple shows that the average user pulls out their phone 80 times a day! The characteristics of the device — portability, always on, responsiveness, unlimited access to information and a multitude of apps — make it a compelling and trusted partner. The smartphone has profoundly impacted our societal habits in just a few years, and it will not reverse itself. A psychology professor at Washington University in St. Louis, Tim Bono, has conducted an experiment for the last few years: see if you can sit quietly for six minutes with no phone, television or radio, occupying yourself only with the thoughts in your head. The results: only 67 percent of the surveyed group was able to remain seated and stay awake for six minutes. More than 30 percent of the group had to check their phones at least once. The conclusion was that humans are “wired for distraction” and find it too difficult to just sit and think.